Explain the role the voluntary and private sector have in social welfare. Describe at least 2 benefits and 2 concerns relating to the voluntary sector and/or the private sector in general.
The voluntary sector is comprised of not for profit organizations that are funded through private donations. These organizations have a significant impact on social welfare in the United States. Not-for-profit social welfare organizations are typically accessed by individuals who are unable to meet their needs with government only assistance. Non-profit organizations foster feelings of community and have the ability to be flexible with business practices and service guidelines. Non-profit organizations are often faced with helping the needy or paying the organization’s bills. Not-for-profit organization do not generate money, so frequently these organizations must deny aid in order to sustain the organization. The increasing number of needy individuals is also on the rise. The increase in individuals seeking social welfare services makes it difficult for non-profit organizations to provide aid to all of those in need.
The private sector developed from the idea that the government should have less of a role within the lives of citizens, including welfare. Private companies are for-profit organizations that may receive federal funding or government contracts to provide aide to the needy. Supporters of privatization of social welfare believe private organizations provide better services more efficiently. Examples of private social welfare organizations are managed care organizations, child care services, nursing homes, and correction facilities. One issue with privatization of social welfare is the increased likelihood that aid will not be provided to the needy in order for the company to maintain its business practices and structure.