How did the music industry attempt to curb illegal downloading and file-sharing?
The music industry fought back with a barrage of lawsuits. The most influential case that set the tone for the future of digital music legality was A&M v Napster. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of the music industry, claiming that reproduction and distribution of copyrighted material was illegal. Napster was not the only corporation of its kind. Many other free file-sharing services were either shut down by lawsuit fines or forced to convert their practices to meet the demands of legal precedent. Eventually, these legal precedents would be well met. In 2003, Apple launched the iTunes service, which essentially provided the same functionality as sites like Napster, but did so by putting a price on each MP3 file, as a means of respecting copyright royalties. This way, the convenience of compressed file-sharing was maintained without compromising the legality of the copyright dispute.